aiib /ndb ...aiib energy paper ..welcome from &-which collaboration summits do sustainable youth need to be connect?

Thursday, October 28, 2021

 Launch of AIIB Publication- Asian Infrastructure Finance 2021-Sustaining Global Value Chains


chang - strain and ops - short run  and long run 2 different conversations
bigger challenge is long one:
part 1 political -in us political consesus economic efficiency should triump everything has gone - emergence of how tradechains risk being subordinate to national politics
can anuthing be done about that - possibly not
par 2 climate change impacts

lady -what factors did we udnerstand before covid? what factors much deeper now? key word traceability thrugh and across gvc locally - can traceability circumvent politics - eg carbon trace; finacial fraud trace ; cybersecurity trace; what regilations pusheds to to discoloesd traces; labor traceability

Wednesday, October 27, 2021

 global value chains

onfrastructure map hold up past pandemic but bottlenecks magnified and long lasting drivers

    no one size fit all -upstrewam downstream

complex prods need ,ore deep infra

in india some stest 50% access some 10%

frvrlop interior!! china europe railway big inland openerdurng pandem

misse slide digital leverage

spec economic zones key game - combine hardsdt

sectors can pusk carbon pricing within their gvc

Gender and Infrastructure in the Post-Covid World

The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are not gender-neutral, with the majority of frontline health and care workers being women and with quarantine restricting access of women to paid child care and to safe spaces for women threatened by domestic abuse. The experience from other crises in the 2000s shows that gender inequalities widen during periods of economic turmoil. While governments are rightly focused on short-term survival, it is important not to lose sight of the bigger picture.

Recent research by AIIB argues that once the immediate task of containing COVID-19 has been achieved, the focus will need to shift from crisis management to assist developing economies invest in adequate infrastructure for development, so as to prevent and mitigate the impact of future outbreaks. This work shows that a country’s readiness to cope with epidemics is correlated with the quality of its infrastructure, and that infrastructure development is a key to security and epidemic preparedness. Furthermore, for countries with higher gender equality, investments in infrastructure may have a greater impact on improving health security.

This panel will highlight the linkages between gender-sensitive infrastructure, health security and how this can support a more equal recovery post-pandemic.


Dr. Erik Berglof

Dr. Erik Berglof

Chief Economist, AIIB

Berglof sets the vision and strategy for the Economics Department and leads the planning, implementation and supervision of its work plan in support of the Bank’s mandate. He is the Bank’s inaugural Chief Economist. Prior to joining AIIB in September 2020, he was Director of the Institute of Global Affairs, London School of Economics, and Chief Economist of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development from 2006 to 2015, where he was part of creating and co-led the Vienna Initiative, a European crisis response team credited with mitigating the impact of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis. He is an expert in transition economics and institutional transformation through private sector development. He holds a PhD in Financial Economics and an MA in Business and Economics, both from the Stockholm School of Economics. Berglof is a national of Sweden.

Ms. Michaela S. Bergman

Ms. Michaela S. Bergman

Principal Social Development Specialist, AIIB

Michaela S. Bergman is a social anthropologist with over 20 years’ work experience with multi-lateral, International Financial Institutions, bi-laterals and civil society in over 40 countries, including East and Central Europe, Central, East and South Asia and the Middle East. Her experience lies in policy and project related activities related to gender, involuntary resettlement, Indigenous Peoples, protection and empowerment of vulnerable and socially excluded groups, human rights and labor laws; particularly in post-conflict countries and transitional economies. Until June 2017, Ms. Bergman was Chief Counsellor for Social issues and Director for Gender at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, providing support and advice on gender and social issues. She developed the Bank’s First Strategy for the Promotion of Gender Equality. She chaired the Multi-Lateral Development Banks’ Working Group on Gender. She was selected as one of the first BBC’s 100 Women.
In September 2017, she joined the AIIB to support the development of the Social Practice. She now leads the Policy Assurance function in relation to Environmental and Social issues of AIIB’s investments and is leading on developing AIIB;s approach to Gender and inclusion in relation to AIIB’s projects.

Ms. Samantha Hung

Ms. Samantha Hung

Chief of Gender Equality, ADB

Samantha Hung is the Chief of Gender Equality Thematic Group at the Asian Development Bank (ADB) where she provides leadership for advancing gender equality across all aspects of ADB operations and knowledge work. Samantha has over 20 years of experience in gender equality at project, program and policy levels in the Asia Pacific. Before ADB, she held various gender advisor and specialist roles for the New Zealand Agency for International Development, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, UNICEF, Australian Government Office on the Status of Women and UK Institute of Development Studies attached to the University of Sussex.
Samantha is also a seasoned provider of management support, including for an ADB Vice President and the Director General of Budget and Human Resources, and was previously the Deputy Representative of ADB’s European Representative Office. She started her international development career as an Australian-funded volunteer in Vietnam.
Samantha is a dual Australian/UK citizen. She holds a Masters degree in International Development from RMIT University in Melbourne, Honors Law and Commerce degrees from the University of Melbourne, and a post-graduate qualification in Human Resources Management from CIPD, UK.

Dr. Elena Nikolova

Dr. Elena Nikolova

Associate Professor, Zayed University x Minerva

Elena Nikolova is an economist based in Mauritius. She has conducted research and policy work for a variety of organizations, including AIIB, AfDB, IMF, EBRD, the European Commission, the UN, and the World Bank, focusing on Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa. Between 2017-2020, she was an assistant professor in Economics at UCL, and has published widely on gender, labor, social and economic development, entrepreneurship, and the politics and economics of development and transition. She is also a lecturer at EBS Business School in Germany

Prof. Yana Rodgers

Prof. Yana Rodgers

Professor, Rutgers University

Yana Rodgers is a Professor in the Department of Labor Studies and Employment Relations in the School of Management and Labor Relations at Rutgers University. She also serves as Faculty Director of the Center for Women and Work at Rutgers. Yana specializes in using quantitative methods to conduct research on women's health, labor market status, and well-being. She has worked regularly as a consultant for the World Bank, the United Nations, and the Asian Development Bank, and she was President of the International Association for Feminist Economics. She currently serves as an Associate Editor with the journals World Development and Feminist Economics. Yana earned her PhD in economics from Harvard University and her BA in economics from Cornell University.

Mr. Wencai Zhang

Mr. Wencai Zhang

Vice President, Agricultural Development Bank of China

Dr. Zhang Wencai holds the position of Executive Vice President at Agricultural Development Bank of China since Jun 2020. Dr. Zhang has significant experience in the public sector, including with international financial institutions and the Ministry of Finance of China. He was appointed Director General of the Department of International Economic and Financial Cooperation at China’s Ministry of Finance from 2018 to 2020, and also represented China as Alternative Governor at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (“IFAD”), as Director at the New Development Bank (“NDB”) and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (“AIIB”) successively since 2019. Dr. Zhang previously served at the Ministry of Finance of China in various senior capacities since 1989, including as the Director General of the Department of External Economic Cooperation from 2012 to 2013, and as the Deputy Director General for the International Department from 2004 to 2012, where he worked on various bilateral dialogues, multilateral initiatives and cooperation with international financial institutions, including the Strategic and Economic Dialogue between China and the US, the G-20, the ASEAN+3, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the World Bank, Asian Development Bank (“ADB”). In the field of international financial institutions, Dr. Zhang served as Vice President of the ADB from 2013 to 2018 and as Director for China at the ADB from 2007 to 2009. From 1993 to 1996, he was Advisor to the Executive Director for China at the World Bank.

Mr. Weimin Zhou

Mr. Weimin Zhou

Specialist, Infrastructure Investment, AIIB

Mr. Weimin Zhou is an Investment Operations Specialist in Infrastructure Investment Department of Region 1 of AIIB, covering South Asia and Southeast Asia countries. Mr. Zhou joined AIIB in August 2020, and leads the preparation and supervision of several AIIB sovereign loan projects in India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Before joining AIIB, Mr. Zhou was a Senior Transport Specialist of the World Bank based in Beijing. The projects he was leading include projects in urban transport, roads, inland waterway, airport, and logistics, etc. Sustainability, climate resilience, technology and gender aspects are among the main highlights of these projects. Prior to joining the multilateral development banks, he worked in the transport design & consulting industry for ten years, especially in the field of the multi-modal transport modelling, planning as well as Intelligent Transport System. He holds a Master of Transport Engineering from Purdue University, and a Bachelor of Civil Engineering from Tsinghua University.